An amino functional group is incorporated into the anion exchange resin enabling the exchange of anions like the Cl- ion and the SO4-- ion. Strongly basic anion exchange resins and weakly basic anion exchange resins can be defined according to the basic strength of the amino functional group. The ion exchange resin that has a quaternary ammonium group is strongly alkaline and dissociates just like NaOH and KOH. Therefore it is called a strongly basic anion exchange resin.
The strongly acidic cation exchange resins are bead-like products which have a sulfonic acid group in the cross-linked styrene frame. They can be used across the full pH range (0-14), and are relatively stable to temperature, even withstanding high temperatures of 100-120℃. They are used in a wide variety of fields including water purification, water softening, wastewater treatment, purification of pharmaceuticals and food, and catalysis.